An Informative Guide on Annulment vs. Divorce in Arizona

Investigative Article: Uncovering the Truth about Annulment vs. Divorce in Arizona


Marriage is supposed to be a lifelong commitment, but sometimes things just don't work out as planned. When a couple decides to end their marital relationship, there are two legal methods to do so in Arizona: annulment and divorce. While both serve the same objective, they differ significantly in their definitions, legal implications, and the procedures involved. In this investigative article, we will explore the differences between annulment and divorce in Arizona, and uncover the facts you need to know before making a decision.

The Legal Definitions of Annulment and Divorce

The first thing to understand is the legal definitions of annulment and divorce. An annulment is a declaration by the court that a marriage is void or invalid from its inception. In other words, an annulment erases the marriage as though it never existed legally. This can happen for several reasons, such as one or both parties being under the age of 18 at the time of the marriage, a party being already married or in a domestic partnership, or the marriage being the result of fraud or duress. On the other hand, divorce recognizes that a legally valid marriage has ended. It is a court process that dissolves the marriage, and usually involves division of marital assets, determination of child custody and support, and may include spousal maintenance.

The Legal Implications of Annulment vs. Divorce

The legal implications of annulment and divorce are also quite different. When a marriage is annulled, it is as though the marriage never happened. This means that there are no community property rights, and any assets that were obtained during the marriage are kept by the individual who obtained them. There are also no spousal maintenance rights, and child support is only ordered for children born during the marriage. Additionally, an annulled marriage cannot be used as a basis for spousal benefits, such as Social Security. In contrast, when a marriage is dissolved through divorce, the court makes orders related to the division of property, spousal maintenance, and child support. Arizona is a community property state, which means that any property or debt acquired during the marriage is generally considered community property and subject to equal division. Spousal maintenance may also be ordered if one party is unable to support themselves after the divorce.

The Procedures Involved

The procedures involved in annulment and divorce are also different. An annulment generally requires that one of the parties file a petition with the court, and prove to the court that the marriage is void or invalid. This may involve providing evidence of fraud, duress, or other factors that make the marriage legally invalid. Once the court grants the annulment, the marriage is considered to have never existed legally. On the other hand, a divorce requires that one of the parties file a petition with the court, and provide notice to the other party of the divorce proceedings. The parties must then negotiate or litigate issues related to property division, spousal maintenance, and child custody and support. Once the court enters a final decree of divorce, the marriage is legally dissolved.


In conclusion, the decision to pursue an annulment or a divorce is a serious one, and should not be taken lightly. Annulment and divorce differ significantly in their definitions, legal implications, and the procedures involved. Understanding these differences is crucial for anyone considering either option to end their marital relationship. If you need legal advice or representation regarding annulment or divorce in Arizona, it is always best to consult with an experienced family law attorney.


  • Annulment vs divorce in Arizona
  • Legal implications of annulment vs divorce
  • Procedures of annulment vs divorce
  • What is an annulment in Arizona
  • What is a divorce in Arizona
  • Community property vs separate property
  • Spousal support in Arizona
Annulment vs. Divorce in Arizona-DeNovo Law Firm

Trafficking Stolen Property in AZ: ARS 13-2307

Investigative Article

Arizona's ARS 13-2307: Uncovering the Consequences of Trafficking Stolen Property

In Arizona, trafficking stolen property is considered a severe offense. Under Arizona Revised Statute (ARS) 13-2307, knowingly trafficking or receiving stolen property from another individual is a crime punishable by significant penalties. In this investigative article, we will dive deep into ARS 13-2307 and uncover the consequences that come with violating this law.

The Basis of ARS 13-2307: Knowingly Trafficking in Stolen Property

The statute ARS 13-2307 states that a person is guilty of trafficking stolen property when they:

  • Knowingly trafficking in or receiving stolen property.
  • What they are trafficking or receiving is stolen property.
  • Have reason to know or believe that the property is stolen property.

Being in possession of stolen goods and attempting to sell, trade or exchange them is not a legal offense. However, the state of Arizona takes a significant interest in stopping these activities and has implemented laws like ARS 13-2307 to deter people from engaging in them.

Penalties for Violating ARS 13-2307

Arizona has severe punishments for individuals who are caught trafficking or receiving stolen property. The minimum sentence for this crime is a class 5 felony, which is punishable by up to 2.5 years in jail. However, if the value of the stolen goods is more than $1000, the offense becomes a class 4 felony. On the other hand, if the value of the item is more than $25,000, the offense is a class 2 felony, which carries a maximum sentence of 12.5 years in jail.

Moreover, if the defendant was already convicted of violating ARS 13-2307 in the last two years, any subsequent conviction automatically becomes a class 4 felony.

Prosecuting Trafficking Stolen Property

Prosecutors often use circumstantial evidence to try and prove trafficking in stolen property. For example, if an individual has a vast quantity of stolen merchandise at their property, which they intend to sell, it can be used as proof of the offense. Furthermore, evidence of previous sales, evidence of sales made to persons without any legitimate business purpose, or prior convictions of the defendant for other theft-related offenses are also used to prove the case.

Police Actions for Dealing with Trafficking in Stolen Property

Law enforcement officers take notice of any suspicious transactions involving stolen goods. If they suspect such activity, they can search the suspected property without obtaining a warrant, if they follow specific procedure.

For instance, if a person has committed trafficking or receiving stolen property in the past two years, any subsequent arrest based on this offense allows the law enforcement to search their property without a warrant. Additionally, if the defendant is on probation or parole, they can also be subject to search and seizure, irrespective of the present offense.

Defending Against a Charge of Trafficking in Stolen Property

If a person is charged with trafficking or receiving stolen property, their first priority should be to speak with an experienced criminal defense attorney. Because the law enforcement officer gathering proof of a crime can often use circumstantial evidence, it is important to have a lawyer on your side who can build a defense that can challenge the prosecution's evidence.

In cases of trafficking in stolen property, defenses can include a lack of knowledge that the property was stolen, an alibi about the time the theft occurred, or a lawful explanation for why the defendant initially held the property.

The Importance of Stopping Trafficking in Stolen Property

Selling or buying stolen property is not only illegal but can also contribute to increasing crime rates. Trafficking stolen property is a criminal activity that poses a significant danger to society and results in the infringement of the basic rights of victims. Therefore, it is imperative to remember that such activities are crimes with severe consequences and should never be endorsed or promoted. By stopping the illegal sale of stolen goods, we can make Arizona a safer place for all.

In conclusion, ARS 13-2307 criminalizes trafficking in stolen property. Those who violate this law are subject to severe penalties. Prosecutors use strong evidence to prove this crime, and police officers have the power to search the premises of suspects within specific restrictions. Those who are accused or charged with such offenses should seek the help of an experienced attorney to defend themselves. Finally, it is vital to discourage and eliminate these criminal activities in society.

Arizona Trafficking, ARS - Chandler, AZ Criminal Defense Attorney

State DUI Laws: Toughest Vs Most Lenient - A Comparison of Arizona's Stringent Measures for First-Time Offenders with Other States' DUI Laws

Feature Article

Arizona: The Toughest State for DUI Laws

Driving under the influence is a severe offense that can put many lives at risk. Laws, regulations, and penalties were put in place to deter people from driving after consuming alcohol or drugs. While every state in America has its own set of rules and punishments regarding drunk driving, some are more stringent than others. In this article, we will analyze and compare the DUI laws of states with the toughest and most lenient policies. Let's start with the state that tops the chart for being the toughest on drivers.

Arizona's DUI laws - A zero-tolerance policy for drinking and driving

Arizona has the most rigorous DUI laws in the nation for first-time offenders. A driver is considered 'impaired' if their blood alcohol content (BAC) level is 0.08 or higher. Arizona's DUI laws are stricter than most other states as it only requires a BAC of 0.05 to charge a driver with DUI. The punishment for a DUI conviction in Arizona includes jail time ranging from ten days to six months, a fine of $1,250, and a suspended license for 90 days. However, the penalty does not end there, more severe consequences await repeat offenders.

Repeat offenders face strict and permanent sanctions

If a driver is a repeat offender, Arizona implements stringent measures that are often reserved for first-time offenders in other regions. A second offense carries a mandatory jail sentence of 30 to 90 days, a fine of $3,000, and license suspension for a year. For the third offense, the penalty is more severe, with a possible four months in jail, a $150,000 fine, and a revoked license. Moreover, individuals with two or more DUI convictions are required to install an Ignition Interlock Device (IID) in their car for two years.

IIDs for all DUI convictions, including first-time offenders

One notable aspect of Arizona's DUI penalties is the mandatory use of IID for all DUI convictions, including those involving first-time offenders. The IID prevents drivers from starting their cars if their breath tests show a BAC above the legal limit. This policy is typically seen in other states for more severe cases or as part of alternative sentencing options. However, Arizona chooses to impose IIDs on all DUI convictions, regardless of the severity of the offense.

The wisdom of strict DUI laws

The high number of lives saved by strict DUI laws cannot be denied. According to a report from Traffic Safety Marketing, alcohol-impaired driving fatalities in Arizona fell by 10.3% from 2017 to 2018. This suggests that strict DUI laws can play a significant role in reducing the occurrences of DUI, saving lives, and reducing accidents. What's more, stringent DUI laws also deter people who might otherwise drink and drive as they know the consequences of their actions.

The national trend of strict DUI penalties

The example that Arizona has set with its strict DUI laws has been emulated by other states in recent years. In 2013, Utah lowered its legal BAC limit from .08 to .05, similar to Arizona. The state of Oregon also requires all DUI offenders to use Ignition Interlock Devices. Additionally, 30 other states have enacted laws in recent years that require repeat offenders to use IIDs.


Arizona's zero-tolerance policy for DUI convictions has made it the toughest state in America when it comes to drunk driving laws. Imposing severe punishments and requiring the use of Ignition Interlock Devices for all DUI convictions, including first-time offenders, has evidently paid dividends in reducing accidents and saving lives. Other states have followed suit by enacting stricter DUI laws, which will likely be adopted by more states in the future. In conclusion, DUI laws are necessary to ensure safe roads and should continue to be enforced with strict penalties in the interest of public safety.

Arizona's tough DUI laws

Child Support and Visitation: Can You Stop Paying Child Support if You Don't See Your Kids?

Opinion Article: Can't See Your Kids? You Still Have to Pay Child Support

When a couple separates or divorces, child support payments are often enforced for the benefit of any children involved. However, what if a parent is no longer in contact with their children? In several cases, they might still be required to make these payments. This article aims to explore this issue in depth and argue why a lack of contact with one's children does not relinquish the obligation to pay child support, no matter the circumstance.

The Importance of Child Support Payments

Child support is fundamentally about securing the best possible outcome for children affected by a split. It aims to provide financial resources that allow children to have a stable upbringing despite the breakdown of the relationship between the child's parents. When financial support is not supplied, it is eventually the child who must face the consequence of lacking basic necessities. The party zoned out and unable to pay, be that the non-custodial parent or otherwise, puts their child's future in jeopardy. Child support has an essential place in securing a child's safety, and it's not only in the immediate present - child support payments are often necessary throughout the child's development for them to thrive.

The Law and Your Obligation to Pay

The law agrees that even if you no longer see your children, you still have a statutory duty to fund them. Child support laws aim to guarantee that the cost of a child's home and everyday upkeep is split between parents. These costs may include housing, food, clothing, childcare, and medical expenses. Even if a non-custodial parent does not obtain physical custody of their son or daughter, they are still obligated to do their part financially. The parent who does have full or joint custody spends less on household upkeep, so the non-custodial parent is responsible for assisting in supporting their children.

Consequences of Stopping Payment

If a non-custodial parent fails to make their required payments for child support, the other party may proceed with legal action. The legal repercussions of failing to make payments will depend on the state's laws. However, it is common for the responsible party to encounter wage garnishment, license revocation, liens or levies placed on assets, and credit problems. This will damage the non-custodial parent's credit score, impairing their chances of qualifying for future loans or mortgages.

The Importance of Legal Advice

If you find yourself in a situation where your contact with your children has been long severed, but you are still obliged to pay child support, it is essential to seek legal advice. With an ever-changing legal code, expert advice can help you stay up to date, make the right decisions, and give you confidence that you are fulfilling your obligations correctly. While many people think child support matters are simple, family law issues can be complicated. A lawyer can provide the necessary guidance in navigating different complex situations.

Why You Need to Keep Paying

Even if you don't see your kids regularly, child support provides much-needed assistance in the well-being of your children. It's critical to help your children secure a stable future with adequate food, clothing, shelter, and medical needs. Being unable to see your children does not relinquish a parent of their duty to provide for them as their income permits. A parent's responsibility is not just to fund their child's needs but to ensure that their child feels valued and unconditionally loved. Refusing to pay child support takes away a child's sense of worth and security.

Deciding to Solve Disputes Amicably

The majority of separated parents can come to an amicable agreement, dividing their duties without any significant emotional or financial expense. Even if initially antagonistic, it's vital to recognize that as the years move on, new challenges arise, and you might need to shift matters to adapt to the changing situation. Parties can benefit from ongoing negotiations without the need to return to court periodically, which can be a costly and time-consuming process.


It can be a complicated situation when a parent is no longer in regular contact with their children, but it's vital to remember that a lack of contact does not excuse the financial obligation of supporting your children. Seeking expert legal advice is necessary to avoid any legal repercussions. While child support payments may strain the resources of non-custodial parents, the outcomes of providing child support in the long term outweigh its financial costs. Parents must remain dedicated to their children's well–being, regardless of whether the bond between them remains intact.

Thus, if you're a non-custodial parent struggling with the idea of paying child support in a situations where you can't see your kids, remember that the law requires you to. Consult with a legal expert to ensure your child's future is secure. Learn more about child support and your legal obligations by accessing child support, legal.


Arizona Implements Harsher Sentences for Fentanyl Dealers with the Ashley Dunn Act

Investigative Article: The Fentanyl Crisis in Arizona

In recent years, the United States has experienced a deadly opioid epidemic. Among the most potent of these drugs is fentanyl, which is contributing to a spike in overdose deaths across the country. Arizona, in particular, has seen a dramatic increase in fentanyl-related deaths, leading to a recent legislative action to increase prison sentences for those dealing the drug. In this investigative article, we will explore the causes and consequences of the fentanyl crisis in Arizona, as well as the implications of the Ashley Dunn Act.

The Rise of Fentanyl Use in Arizona and Beyond

Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid that is often used as a prescription painkiller. It can be up to 100 times more potent than morphine and is often mixed with other drugs like heroin to increase their potency. Unfortunately, this also makes the drug particularly lethal for those who use it recreationally. In recent years, fentanyl has contributed to a spike in overdose deaths across the country, with Arizona being particularly hard hit. According to the Arizona Department of Health Services, fentanyl was responsible for 579 overdose deaths in the state in 2020.

The Ashley Dunn Act and Increased Sentences for Fentanyl Dealers

The Ashley Dunn Act is a new law in Arizona that increases the minimum prison sentence for those convicted of dealing fentanyl. The law is named after a young woman who died of a fentanyl overdose in 2018. Under the new law, anyone caught selling even a small quantity of fentanyl will receive a mandatory four-year prison sentence. The law is intended to deter drug dealers from trafficking fentanyl, ultimately saving lives.

Comparison of Sentencing Guidelines Across States

The Ashley Dunn Act is a significant step towards addressing the fentanyl crisis in Arizona, but how do the state’s guidelines compare to those in other states? According to a report from the National Conference of State Legislatures, 34 states have mandatory minimums for drug offenses, but they vary widely in their severity. Some states, like Arizona, have opted to make fentanyl trafficking a top priority, while others have chosen to focus on other drugs.

Defenses for Those Accused of Dealing Fentanyl

While the Ashley Dunn Act is designed to target drug traffickers, there are some instances where individuals may be wrongly accused of fentanyl trafficking. In these cases, it is important to have a strong defense. Some potential defenses for those accused of fentanyl dealing include lack of awareness that the substance was fentanyl, entrapment by law enforcement, coercion or duress, and lack of intent to sell the drug.

Federal Defense Attorney Josh Kolsrud is Here to Help

If you or someone you know is facing accusations of fentanyl trafficking, it is essential to have an experienced attorney on your side. Federal defense attorney Josh Kolsrud has extensive experience defending drug trafficking cases and can help you build a strong defense. With his help, you can fight the charges against you and protect your future.

The Consequences of the Fentanyl Crisis in Arizona

The fentanyl crisis in Arizona has had severe consequences for the state and its people. Beyond the loss of life, the crisis has strained emergency response resources, increased medical costs, and put a significant burden on families and loved ones of those affected by the epidemic. The Ashley Dunn Act and increased sentencing guidelines for fentanyl dealers are critical steps towards addressing the crisis, but more can be done to prevent the spread of this deadly drug.

The Road Ahead: Solving the Fentanyl Crisis

While the Ashley Dunn Act and other measures like it are important steps towards addressing the fentanyl crisis in Arizona, more needs to be done to combat the spread of this deadly drug. This includes enacting measures to prevent diversion of prescription fentanyl, expanding access to effective treatments for addiction, and investing in public health campaigns to raise awareness about the risks of fentanyl use. By working together, we can put an end to the fentanyl crisis and save lives.

Fentanyl-Prison, Arizona

"Community Awaits Arrests in Preston Lord's Death-Months After the Tragedy"

Feature Article: Community Anxiety Grows as Arrests Awaited in Preston Lord's Death

It has been almost three months since the death of Preston Lord shocked the community of Queen Creek, Arizona. The tragedy has left the community on edge, anxiously awaiting any updates on the case. While charges were referred to county prosecutors over 25 days ago, no arrests have been made, leaving many wondering if justice will ever be served.

The Background

Preston Lord, 32, died under unusual circumstances on October 26, 2023. His body was found inside his own home, severely beaten and suffering from several gunshot wounds. The cause of his death was soon declared a homicide, leaving the Queen Creek community in shock. Lord had been a well-known figure in the community and his sudden death has left many devastated.

The Investigation

Immediately after Lord's death, an investigation was launched that involved multiple local law enforcement agencies. The investigation was deemed a top priority, and a task force was formed to investigate the case thoroughly. Evidence was collected from the crime scene, and interviews were conducted with anyone who had contact with Lord in the days leading up to his death. The probe was arduous, but it resulted in the identification of several potential suspects.

The Expectation of the Community

The identification of the potential suspects led to optimism in the community that justice would soon be served. Unfortunately, over two months have passed, and no arrests have been made. The lack of any updates on the case has left many in the community dismayed and anxious. The expectation of the community is that an arrest will be made soon. The longer the case remains unsolved, the more apprehensive the community becomes.

Criticism against Law Enforcement

The community's anxiety is not helped by the criticism that law enforcement has been facing lately. The criticism is due to a perceived slow response by the authorities to the case. There is a sense that the case is not being given enough priority, and this is frustrating for many who feel that justice must be done. Furthermore, the prolonged lack of information provided to the community may create a breakdown of trust between law enforcement and the citizens they serve.

The Need for Answers

Although the investigation is still ongoing, the community needs answers, especially Lord's family and friends. They are still reeling from the death of their loved one, and their sufferings are compounded by the lack of resolution. The anxiety has only added to their anguish. The families of crime victims often feel forgotten, and the lack of arrest in this case has left many feeling just that, forgotten.

The Importance of Closure

Closure is essential for the family and friends of a victim of violent crime. Closure means that justice has been served, and the responsible individuals have been held accountable for their actions. It provides a sense of finality, and the ability to move forward with their lives. However, closure also impacts the wider community. Closure is necessary to rebuild trust between law enforcement and the community and to provide a sense of safety and security.

The Impact on the Queen Creek Community

The impact of Lord's death and the ongoing investigation on the community of Queen Creek is immeasurable. There is an increased level of anxiety and distrust of the authorities. The prolonged period without an arrest has left people on edge, wondering who might be next. The investigation needs to be resolved as soon as possible, so the community can rebuild its trust in the authorities, refocus on community growth, and feel secure again.

The Way Forward

The community of Queen Creek, Arizona, is waiting with bated breath for the arrest of whoever was responsible for the death of Preston Lord. However, this should not be the end of the road. The community needs more. It needs transparency and updates to restore the trust that has frayed between citizens and law enforcement. They need reassurance that their investment in the safety of their town has not gone to waste. It is essential that the investigation is resolved as soon as possible, and the guilty parties are brought to justice.

The community of Queen Creek, Arizona, continues to wait for answers related to the death of Preston Lord. The anxiety has increased, and the community is frustrated with the lack of any concrete progress in the investigation. The community needs closure and justice. Let us hope for the families, friends, and loved ones of Preston Lord, that an arrest is made soon, and they can finally start to grieve and heal.

Community on Edge as Arrests Awaited in Preston Lord's Death-Preston,Arrests

Prescription Drug DUI Under Arizona Law

Investigative Article

The Hidden Dangers of Prescription Drug DUI: What You Need to Know

Driving under the influence (DUI) is a serious offense that can lead to dire consequences. However, there is a growing issue that is often overlooked - prescription drug DUI. Many people don't realize that driving while taking certain prescription drugs can be just as dangerous, if not more so, than driving under the influence of alcohol or illegal drugs. In this investigative article, we will delve into the risks and implications of prescription drug DUI.

The prevalence of prescription drug use among drivers

According to a study by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, approximately 20% of drivers in the United States have used prescription drugs for non-medical reasons, and this number is increasing. While many of these drugs are legally prescribed, they can still impair driving ability and lead to a DUI charge. It's important to understand which medications can affect driving and how to avoid the risks, especially in Arizona where the laws are particularly strict.

The dangers of driving under prescription drug influence

Many prescription drugs can cause side effects that can impact driving ability, including drowsiness, dizziness, blurred vision, and impaired coordination. These effects can be even more pronounced when combined with alcohol or other drugs. In fact, a study by AAA showed that drivers who had taken prescription drugs with warnings against driving were twice as likely to have an accident as those who hadn't.

Penalties for prescription drug DUI in Arizona

In Arizona, driving while under the influence of prescription drugs is against the law and can result in severe consequences. The penalties for prescription drug DUI are similar to those for alcohol DUI and can include fines, driver's license suspension, and even jail time. Additionally, Arizona has a zero-tolerance policy for drivers under 21 who have any amount of drugs or alcohol in their system.

Role of Drug Recognition Experts (DREs)

When someone is suspected of driving under the influence of drugs, law enforcement officers may call in a Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) to perform a series of tests to determine if the driver is impaired. DREs are specially trained to recognize signs of drug use and impairment and can provide evidence in court. However, the reliability of these tests has been called into question, as they are often subjective and can be influenced by the opinions of the DRE.

Defenses against prescription drug DUI charges

If you are charged with prescription drug DUI in Arizona, there are a few defenses that your attorney may use. These can include challenging the validity of the DRE tests, arguing that your driving was not impaired, or claiming that the medication was taken as prescribed. However, it's important to note that these defenses may not always be successful and it's always best to avoid driving while taking prescription drugs that can impair driving ability.


Here are a few common questions about prescription drug DUI in Arizona:

  • Can I drive while taking prescription medications?
  • What should I do if I am pulled over and suspected of prescription drug DUI?
  • What are the legal blood or urine concentration limits for prescription drugs in Arizona?

Contact an attorney for guidance

If you or someone you know has been charged with prescription drug DUI, it's essential to seek the guidance of an experienced criminal defense attorney. An attorney can help you understand the charges against you and develop a defense strategy that may help mitigate the consequences. Remember, driving under the influence of prescription drugs is a serious offense with potentially life-altering consequences. It's always best to err on the side of caution and avoid driving while under the influence of any substance that can impair your driving ability.

Prescription,Arizona-Prescription Drug DUI Under Arizona Law

Arizona Implements Increased Prison Sentences for Fentanyl Dealers

Investigative Article: Increased Prison Sentences for Fentanyl Dealers in Arizona

In recent years, the opioid epidemic has become a growing concern for many Americans. Fentanyl, in particular, has become a significant problem, as it is one of the most potent and dangerous opioids out there. In response to the fentanyl crisis, Arizona has passed the Ashley Dunn Act, which increases the prison sentences for fentanyl dealers. This law aims to crack down on the distribution of this deadly drug and to prevent more people from falling victim to its addictive and life-threatening effects.

What is the Ashley Dunn Act?

The Ashley Dunn Act is a law that Governor Ducey of Arizona signed in April 2019. The act is named after Ashley Dunn, a 20-year-old woman who died of a fentanyl overdose in 2018. The law changes the minimum prison sentence for fentanyl dealers in the state of Arizona. Previously, the minimum sentence was two years for a first offense. Under the new law, the minimum sentence has been increased to five years for a first offense and up to 25 years for repeat offenders.

How Does The Act Change the Minimum Prison Sentence For Fentanyl Dealers?

The Ashley Dunn Act increases the minimum prison sentence for fentanyl dealers in Arizona. Previously, the minimum sentence for a first-time offense was two years. Under the new law, the minimum sentence has been increased to five years for a first-time offense. Repeat offenders may face sentences of up to 25 years in prison. The law also clarifies that the penalties for fentanyl offenses will be applied to mixtures containing fentanyl, not just pure fentanyl.

How Do Arizona's Sentencing Guidelines Compare to Other States?

Arizona is not the only state that has taken steps to combat the opioid epidemic. Many other states have also implemented harsher penalties for fentanyl offenses. For example, in Florida, fentanyl dealers can face up to 30 years in prison for a first-time offense. In New York, first-degree fentanyl possession is considered a Class A-II felony, which can result in a sentence of up to life in prison. These penalties are among the harshest in the country.

Defenses to Dealing Fentanyl

Despite the severity of the punishment for fentanyl offenses, there are some defenses that a person can use to avoid or mitigate a conviction. One common defense is that the substance in question was not fentanyl or that the defendant did not know that it was fentanyl. Another defense is entrapment, which occurs when a law enforcement officer induces a person to commit a crime that they would not have committed otherwise. A knowledgeable and experienced federal defense attorney can assess the facts of a case and help build a defense strategy.

Get Help From Federal Defense Attorney Josh Kolsrud

Given the harsh penalties and serious consequences of a fentanyl-related conviction, it is crucial to have a skilled and experienced attorney on your side. Josh Kolsrud is a federal defense attorney who has an in-depth knowledge of the legal system and extensive experience representing clients in complex criminal cases. His client-centered approach and dedication to getting results make him a strong advocate for anyone facing fentanyl-related charges. Contact Josh Kolsrud today to learn more about your legal options and to start building a strong defense strategy.

The Bottom Line

The Ashley Dunn Act is a significant step in the fight against the opioid epidemic, particularly with respect to fentanyl. By increasing the sentences for fentanyl offenses, Arizona hopes to deter people from distributing this deadly drug and to prevent more people from dying of an overdose. However, with increased penalties comes the need for skilled and experienced legal representation. If you or someone you know is facing fentanyl-related charges, contact Josh Kolsrud to get the legal help you need to fight for your rights and your future.

Fentanyl,Increased- Fentanyl,Increased

Resolve School Disagreements in Arizona with De Novo Law's Legal Decision-Making Expertise

Feature Article

The Importance of Legal Decision-Making Authority in School Disagreements With Your Ex

As co-parenting becomes increasingly common, disputes over child-rearing decisions have become more prevalent. One common source of disagreement is often schooling, particularly when one parent feels that the other is compromising their child's educational welfare. Arizona has strict laws governing how these conflicts are resolved, and it is vital that every parent is aware of the legal decision-making authority awarded by the court when it comes to schooling decisions, be it joint or sole legal decision-making. In this article, we will explore the importance of legal decision-making authority and how it can impact school disagreements with your ex.

What Is Legal Decision-Making Authority?

Legal decision-making authority refers to the power to make significant decisions about a child's welfare, including health, education, and religion. In Arizona, legal decision-making authority can be granted to one or both parents, either jointly or separately.

Joint legal decision-making is where both parents share the power to make decisions about their child's welfare. In contrast, sole legal decision-making is where one parent holds all the power to make significant decisions about their child's life, including their schooling.

Why Is Legal Decision-Making Authority Important?

Legal decision-making authority plays a crucial role in ensuring the well-being of children of separated or divorced parents, and it's essential to find the best decision-making agreement that works for the child. Co-parenting does not always mean that parents agree on everything, and some disputes can be challenging to resolve without going to court. Legal decision-making authority provides a framework for managing disagreements, and it ensures that the child's best interests are always considered.

How Does Legal Decision-Making Authority Affect School Disagreements?

School decisions, such as enrolling children in a particular school, modifying education plans, and choosing courses, can be the source of dispute between parents after divorce or separation. In Arizona, the legal decision-making agreement dictates how school disagreements will be resolved. Joint legal decision-making requires that both co-parents agree on any major decision about their child's education, while sole legal decision-making allows one parent to make the final schooling decision without the approval of the other parent.

When co-parenting, it's essential to adhere to legal decision-making authority to avoid disputes. In fact, any significant schooling decisions made without the other parent's consent can result in legal repercussions.

Can Disputes Over Schooling Be Resolved Without Going to Court?

Disputes over schooling can be resolved through negotiations, mediation, or arbitration without resorting to litigation. Mediation is a structured process where both parents meet with a third-party mediator to work out a mutually agreeable education plan. Arbitration is similar to mediation but with a neutral third-party who makes a decision regarding the disagreement. Litigation should always be the last option as it may be costly, time-consuming, and emotionally draining.

When Can the Court Resolve School Disagreements?

If mediation or arbitration fails, litigation may be the next step. A judge will be responsible for making a decision about the dispute and analyzing the underlying laws governing the dispute. The judge will consider numerous factors, such as the children's best interests, educational opportunities, and the parents' views. Since each case is unique, the judge may consider other factors as well.


Legal decision-making authority is an essential aspect of co-parenting, particularly when it comes to schooling. Parents should always ensure that they adhere to their legal decision-making agreement to avoid disputes. When disagreements occur, parents should consider mediation or arbitration before resorting to litigation. At De Novo Law, we specialize in Family Law, including legal decision-making authority in Arizona. Contact us today to ensure that your legal decision-making agreement is appropriately drafted and enforced.

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"Penalties for Hiding Assets in an Arizona Divorce"

The Importance of Honesty in Divorce Proceedings

The Downside of Hiding Assets in an Arizona Divorce

Going through a divorce can be an emotionally taxing and overwhelming experience, and the prospect of dividing up assets can add to the stress. As a divorcing couple, you may be worried about how your assets will be divided and may be tempted to hide some assets to get a more favorable outcome. However, hiding assets in a divorce is illegal and can lead to severe consequences. In Arizona, all assets and liabilities must be disclosed by both spouses as part of the divorce process. Intentionally hiding assets can result in serious penalties and even criminal charges. It is crucial to be transparent and honest during this process.

The Community Property State of Arizona

Arizona is a community property state, which means that all assets acquired during the marriage are considered joint property and must be divided equitably between both spouses. This means that any assets acquired before or after the marriage will not be considered during the property division process. A common misconception is that community property means that assets will be divided equally. However, equitable does not always mean equal. Factors such as earning capacity, age, health, and the length of the marriage can all come into play when determining how assets are divided. It is essential to have a skilled attorney to assist you in navigating the property division process.

The Consequences of Hiding Assets

When assets are hidden during a divorce proceeding, it can affect the entire process and leave one spouse with an unfair share of the marital property. This can cause resentment and create an unbalanced economic situation for the other party. The courts take hiding assets very seriously and may impose severe financial and criminal penalties upon a guilty party. These penalties can range from financial fines, jail time, or both.

The Importance of Full Disclosure

The importance of full disclosure cannot be overstated in a divorce case. All assets and liabilities must be laid out on the table to ensure that both spouses receive a fair and equitable distribution. This information includes bank accounts, investments, real estate properties, and other assets that were accumulated during the marriage. Even if you have good intentions, failure to disclose can be seen as intentional hiding and can lead to the same penalties as actively concealing assets. It is essential to bring all the necessary documentation to your attorney and disclose all assets' existence, regardless of their value.

The Role of Attorneys in Divorce Proceedings

The process of dividing assets in a divorce can be complicated, and it can be challenging to navigate on your own. Working with knowledgeable attorneys can help ensure that the property division process is fair and equitable. Attorneys can be particularly helpful when it comes to identifying assets that may be hidden or overlooked. Your attorney can help guide you through the process of disclosing all assets and liabilities, ensuring that you are not accused of hiding anything.

Protecting Yourself from Accusations of Hiding Assets

One of the best ways to protect yourself from accusations of hiding assets is to maintain accurate financial records. It is essential to keep track of all financial transactions, including bank statements, investment records, and receipts for significant purchases. Additionally, it is a good idea to work with a forensic accountant if you have reason to believe that your spouse may be hiding assets. Forensic accountants can help you identify hidden assets and ensure that you are receiving a fair distribution of the marital property.

The Bottom Line

Divorce can be a difficult and emotional experience, but it is crucial to approach the process with honesty and transparency. Hiding assets can lead to severe penalties, including financial fines and jail time. It is essential to work with an experienced attorney and to disclose all assets to ensure a fair and equitable property division process. Hiding Assets in an Arizona Divorce-Penalties,Arizona