Understanding Destruction of Property in Arizona Law

Feature Article: Understanding Destruction of Property in Arizona Law


Imagine coming home from a long day of work to find your front door has been spray-painted with vulgar graffiti or your car's rear window has been shattered. Unfortunately, these types of scenarios are becoming increasingly common in urban areas across the country. The destruction of property not only affects the physical appearance of the property but can also cause emotional trauma to the rightful owner. In Arizona, the destruction of property is punishable by law under A.R.S. § 13-1602, and in this feature article, we will examine the ins and outs of this law.

What is the Destruction of Property in Arizona?

The destruction of property in Arizona is any type of activity that results in the damage or defacement of another person's property. It includes any instance where another person intentionally or recklessly damages, destroys, or vandalizes another's property without their owner's expressed consent. This property includes utility property and public property. The state of Arizona has jurisdiction over all premises, vehicles, and other properties within its borders.

The Penalties for Destruction of Property in Arizona

The penalties for destruction of property in Arizona can range significantly, depending on the severity of the damage caused. The crime can be charged as either a misdemeanor or a felony, with punishments ranging from a $250 fine for the least severe damage to years in jail for more severe damage. Below is a breakdown of the severity of the crime and their associated penalties.


If the damage to the property caused less than $250 worth of damage, it is considered a Class 2 misdemeanor, which is punishable by a maximum of 4 months in jail, a fine of up to $750, or both.

Class 6 Felony

If the damages range from $250 to $1,000, it is considered a Class 6 felony, which is punishable by at least one year in state prison and a $150,000 fine.

Class 5 Felony

If the damages exceed $1,000 but are less than $2,000 in value, it is considered a Class 5 felony, punishable by between 1.5 years and 2.5 years in state prison and a fine of up to $150,000.

Class 4 Felony

Damage worth $2,000 to $10,000 is considered a Class 4 felony, which carries a punishment of at least 2.5 years but no more than 3.75 years in state prison and a $150,000 fine.

Class 3 Felony

If the damage caused is between $10,000 and $25,000, it is considered a Class 3 felony punishable by between 5 and 15 years in state prison and a fine of up to $150,000.

Class 2 Felony

Damage exceeding $25,000 in value is considered a Class 2 felony, punishable by between 7 and 21 years in state prison and a fine of up to $150,000.

Defenses to the Destruction of Property

There are three apparent defenses to the destruction of property in Arizona.

Lack of Intent

A defendant could argue that their actions were accidental and that they did not knowingly destroy or damage another's property.

Mistaken Identity

The individual accused could say they were wrongfully accused of property destruction, and the actual perpetrator isn't identifiable.

Consent from Property Owner

If the owner of the property gave their consent or permission to the defendant to damage or destroy the property, this could serve as a legal defense.

Common Examples of Property Destruction in Arizona

Below are some of the most common examples of property destruction in Arizona.


Spray painting or etching graffiti onto property could result in severe legal penalties if caught.

Breaking Windows

Breaking windows intentionally or through reckless behavior is another common example of property destruction that could lead to criminal charges.

Slashing Tires

Any act of vandalism that includes the destruction of an automobile, such as slashing tires, can lead to criminal liability.

Destruction of Utility Property

Destroying utility property includes intentionally damaging essential facilities such as power grid, telephone lines among others.

The Impact of Destruction of Property on Society

The destruction of property poses a significant threat to society's well-being. It affects a neighborhood's safety by creating blight, and it demoralizes the community. Neighborhoods affected by property destruction often experience reduced property values and increased crimes, including more severe offenses, such as burglary and violent crime.

The Need to Stop Property Destruction in Arizona

The Arizona law prohibiting property destruction aims to provide safety, protect assets, and create an environment in which residents and visitors can experience peace, security, and enjoyment. The law aims to hold perpetrators liable for their criminal acts while preventing future violations of the law. In that sense, there's a need for all residents in Arizona to protect and maintain the beauty and value of their properties.


The destruction of property is a serious criminal act that can seriously damage a person or community's well-being. Arizona law prohibits this offense and punishes offenders with varying degrees of prison sentences and penalties, depending on the severity of the damage. Defenses to these crimes include lack of intent, mistaken identity, and consent from the property owner. By understanding the laws around destruction of property in Arizona, residents, visitors, and businesses can take steps to help prevent future offenses and protect their community's safety and well-being. Arizona Law on Property Destruction-Destruction,Arizona

Understanding Covenant Marriage in Arizona: ARS 25-903

The Ins and Outs of Covenant Marriage in Arizona


Marriage is one of the most important decisions a couple can make in their lifetime. In Arizona, couples who wish to take their marital vows further can opt for a covenant marriage. A covenant marriage is a legally binding agreement between spouses that includes a pledge to work through difficulties in the marriage, as well as requirements for premarital counseling and grounds for divorce. In this article, we will dive into the details of covenant marriage in Arizona and what it means for couples.

What is a Covenant Marriage?

A covenant marriage is a legally binding agreement between spouses that adds an extra layer of commitment to their relationship. In addition to the standard premarital counseling required by Arizona law, couples seeking a covenant marriage must complete an additional counseling session that emphasizes the seriousness of the commitment. Additionally, the grounds for divorce in a covenant marriage are limited to specific circumstances, such as adultery, abuse, or a felony conviction.

Advantages of Covenant Marriage

One of the main advantages of a covenant marriage is that it can help couples work through difficult times by emphasizing their commitment to each other. The counseling sessions required for covenant marriage can also help couples identify potential problems and develop effective communication and conflict resolution skills. Additionally, because the grounds for divorce are limited, couples in a covenant marriage may be less likely to give up on their marriage during difficult times.

Disadvantages of Covenant Marriage

While covenant marriage can offer many advantages to couples, it is not without its disadvantages. For one, the limited grounds for divorce may make it difficult for couples to end their marriage if they are truly unhappy or have irreconcilable differences. Additionally, the counseling sessions required for covenant marriage can be time-consuming and expensive. Finally, because the concept of covenant marriage is relatively new, it may be difficult for couples to find counselors who are experienced in providing this type of counseling.

Who Qualifies for Covenant Marriage?

Not every couple is eligible for a covenant marriage in Arizona. In order to qualify, both partners must be willing to commit to the extra requirements of covenant marriage, including premarital counseling and limited grounds for divorce. Additionally, couples must be at least 18 years old and not already married.

How to Enter into a Covenant Marriage

Couples who wish to enter into a covenant marriage in Arizona must follow a specific process. First, they must participate in premarital counseling that emphasizes the seriousness of the commitment. They must then sign a declaration of intent, stating that they are committed to a covenant marriage. Finally, they must obtain a signed affidavit from a counselor or clergyperson stating that they have completed the necessary counseling.

Ending a Covenant Marriage

While the grounds for divorce in a covenant marriage are limited, it is still possible to dissolve the marriage under certain circumstances. These may include adultery, abuse, abandonment, or felony conviction. If a couple in a covenant marriage wishes to dissolve their marriage and does not meet the criteria for limited grounds for divorce, they must wait two years from the time they separated before filing for divorce.


A covenant marriage is a serious commitment that can provide many benefits for couples who are willing to commit to the extra requirements. By emphasizing the importance of premarital counseling and limiting grounds for divorce, covenant marriage can help couples work through difficult times and develop a deeper relationship with each other. If you are considering a covenant marriage in Arizona, it is important to understand all of the requirements and weigh the advantages and disadvantages carefully. Covenant Marriage Arizona

Aggravated DUI with a Suspended License in Arizona: Penalties & Understanding License Penalties

Investigative Article

The Truth Behind Aggravated DUI with a Suspended License

Driving under the influence is an incredibly dangerous action, and it is strictly prohibited by law. It is not only illegal, but it also puts the driver, passengers, and the general public at risk of harm. Arizona state law is particularly strict when it comes to DUI offenses, and one of the most severe includes aggravated DUI with a suspended license.

Reasons for a Suspended License

There are several reasons why a person may have their license suspended in Arizona. The most common reason is for driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Other reasons include failing to appear in court, reckless driving, hit and run, and accumulating too many points on your driving record, among others.

Aggravated DUI

An aggravated DUI in Arizona is a more severe offense than a regular DUI. It is an enhanced felony DUI charge, meaning that there are additional factors that make it even more serious. Examples of factors that can elevate a regular DUI charge to an aggravated DUI charge include driving on a suspended license, having a child under 15 years old in the car, causing injury or death, or having an excessively high blood alcohol content (BAC) level.

BAC Level for Aggravated DUI in Arizona

The legal BAC limit in Arizona is 0.08%. However, for an aggravated DUI charge, the BAC limit is 0.15%, which is almost twice the legal limit. If a driver is charged with aggravated DUI with a suspended license, they can be facing up to two years in prison, depending on the severity of the case.

Penalties for Driving on a Suspended License

Driving on a suspended license in Arizona is already a serious offense, but when combined with an aggravated DUI charge, the consequences become even more severe. The penalties for driving on a suspended license depend on the specific circumstances of the case. Typically, the first offense carries a minimum of 30 days in jail, while the second offense can carry a minimum of 60 days in jail. It is essential to remember that additional penalties for aggravated DUI, such as fines, community service, and mandatory alcohol education classes, may also apply.

Revocation vs. Suspension: Understanding License Penalties in Arizona DUI Cases

In Arizona, there is a significant difference between having your license suspended and having it revoked. A suspended license means that your ability to drive is temporarily taken away, usually for a specific period, and once that period is over, you can apply to have your license reinstated. On the other hand, a revoked license means that your driving privileges are taken away permanently, and you must apply for a new driver's license if you want to resume driving legally. Offenses that can result in a revoked license include a conviction for a violent crime, leaving the scene of an accident, and homicide by vehicle amongst others.

Kolsrud Law Offices

If you are facing an aggravated DUI with a suspended license or any other DUI-related charge in Arizona, it is crucial that you seek legal counsel immediately. The experienced defense attorneys at Kolsrud Law Offices can help defend your rights, protect your driving privileges, and ensure the best possible outcome for your case. They specialize in DUI defense and offer personalized, aggressive representation for their clients.

Contact Kolsrud Law Offices today to schedule a consultation and learn more about how they can help you with your DUI case.

Aggravated DUI with a Suspended License- Aggravated, Suspended


Navigating Divorce with a Missing or Uncooperative Spouse: Legal Steps and Considerations

Opinion Article

The Challenges of Divorce When Your Spouse is Missing or Uncooperative

Divorce is a difficult decision and navigating the legal process can be a challenging and emotional experience. But when your spouse is missing or uncooperative, the process becomes even more complicated. It can be hard to know where to start, what legal steps to take and how to protect your rights.

As a family law attorney, I have seen these situations firsthand. It's heartbreaking to see a client struggling to move forward with their life, while dealing with the uncertainty and stress of a missing or uncooperative spouse.

However, it's important to remember that there are legal solutions available and experienced attorneys who specialize in these situations. In this article, we will explore some tips and legal steps you can take to navigate divorce when your spouse is missing or uncooperative.

Non-Response and Relocation

The decision to divorce is often mutual, but sometimes one spouse wants out of the marriage more than the other. In these cases, the less interested spouse may stop responding to calls or emails, making it difficult to begin the legal process. However, being unresponsive is not a viable option for your spouse. If your spouse does not respond to communications, legal recourse may be available that requires your spouse to participate in the divorce process or risk facing court-mandated penalties.

Another issue that arises when a spouse is unresponsive is if they move away or relocate. This can be particularly frustrating since there are specific requirements that must be satisfied before a divorce can be filed in a particular jurisdiction. It can be difficult to know what jurisdiction to file in if you don't know where your spouse is currently located.

Marital Abandonment

If your spouse appears to have completely disappeared or abandoned you, there are specific legal steps you can take to move forward with the divorce process. You can file for a divorce based on abandonment even if you don't know where your spouse is currently located. However, depending on the state in which you live, there may be different requirements to prove abandonment.

For example, in some states, you must demonstrate that your spouse left without your knowledge or permission and has been gone for a certain period, generally one year. You may need to show that you have made a diligent effort to locate your missing spouse and provide notice through various channels, including social media or local publications.

Protecting Your Financial Interests

Divorce is not only an emotional process, but it's also a financial one. When a spouse is missing or uncooperative, it can be challenging to sort out financial matters such as property distribution, alimony, and child support. These financial issues can create a significant amount of stress and uncertainty when your spouse is not participating in the process.

One way to protect your financial interests is to seek the services of an experienced family law attorney, who can take the necessary steps to ensure your assets are protected, and financial support is provided. An attorney may be able to help you establish a default judgment, file a partition and distribute action, or file for child support or alimony in the absence of your spouse.

The Role of the Court

When a spouse is missing or uncooperative, it may become necessary to involve the court in the process. The court can play a critical role in facilitating a divorce when one party is unresponsive by providing direction and support to the spouse who is actively trying to move the process forward.

The court can grant orders that require the missing spouse to participate in the process, such as ordering them to appear in court, attend mediation, or respond to documents or requests for information. In certain cases, the court may appoint a guardian ad litem to represent the interests of the missing spouse, or by appointing an attorney for the spouse who is trying to move the process forward.

Seeking Professional Help

Divorce is complicated enough without having to deal with missing or uncooperative spouses. It's essential to remember that you are not alone, and there are resources and support available to help you through this difficult process. Seeking the services of an experienced family law attorney can provide you with the guidance you need to navigate the legal system and protect your rights.

Remember, the process takes time, and there may be challenges along the way, but with perseverance and the right approach, you can achieve a successful outcome. By seeking professional help and taking the necessary legal steps, you can ensure your future is protected and move forward with confidence.

If you are navigating divorce when your spouse is missing or uncooperative, contact Colburn Hintze Maletta (CHM) for legal steps and considerations.Navigating Divorce When Your Spouse is Missing or Uncooperative: Legal Steps and Considerations.


Arizona Felony DUI with Minor in the Car ARS 28-1383

Profile Article: Understanding the Consequences of Arizona Felony DUI with Minor in the Car

It is not uncommon to see drivers behind the wheel even when they are under the influence of alcohol or drugs. However, driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs with a minor in the car is a serious offense in Arizona. This article will explore the legal consequences of Arizona felony DUI with minor in the car. We will discuss how Arizona defines aggravated DUI charges, how Arizona penalizes DUIs involving minor children, defenses to a felony DUI with a minor in the car, and provide information on who to contact for help.

Arizona Felony DUI with Minor in the Car

Arizona is known for its tough DUI laws, and felony DUI is the most severe of all DUI offenses. In Arizona, it is a felony offense to drive under the influence with a minor child (under the age of 15) in the car. The felony charge applies even if it is your first DUI offense. Arizona Revised Statutes 28-1383 outlines the definition of aggravated DUI with a minor in the car, and the consequences of a conviction can be significant.

Aggravated DUI Charges

Arizona defines aggravated DUI charges as DUI offenses that involve certain aggravating factors. Aggravated DUI charges can result in harsher penalties than standard DUI charges. The following are considered aggravating factors in the State of Arizona:

  • DUI with a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of 0.15% or higher
  • DUI committed while driving on a suspended, canceled, or revoked license
  • DUI committed while a minor (15 years old or younger) was in the vehicle
  • DUI committed while required to use an Ignition Interlock Device (IID)
  • DUI committed while under court order not to drink and drive
  • DUI committed while speeding excessively or eluding a police officer
  • DUI committed while involved in an accident that results in serious injury or death to another person

Penalties for Felony DUI with Minor in the Car

If you are convicted of felony DUI with a minor in the car in Arizona, you will face severe penalties. The exact penalties you may face depend on the circumstances of your case, but the following are potential consequences:

  • Prison time – Felony DUI convictions can result in significant prison time, ranging from several months to several years.
  • Driver’s license suspension – Your driver’s license will be suspended for a minimum of one year if you are convicted of felony DUI in Arizona.
  • Fines – Fines for felony DUI in Arizona can be substantial, ranging from several thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars.
  • Ignition Interlock Device (IID) – You may be required to install an IID in your vehicle, which will prevent you from driving if you have consumed alcohol.
  • Probation – If you are convicted of felony DUI in Arizona, you may be placed on probation for several years.

Defenses to Felony DUI with Minor in the Car

If you have been charged with felony DUI with a minor in the car, it is crucial to work with an experienced and knowledgeable criminal defense attorney who can help you understand your legal options. Some of the defenses that can be used in a DUI case include:

  • Challenging the accuracy of the BAC test
  • Disputing the legality of the stop
  • Arguing that the arresting officer violated your Miranda rights or made an illegal search or seizure
  • Introducing evidence that you were not actually driving the car at the time of the DUI arrest

The Importance of Hiring an Experienced DUI Defense Attorney

Facing felony DUI charges with a minor in the car is a serious matter, and the legal consequences can be severe. That is why it is essential to work with an experienced attorney who understands Arizona DUI laws and will fight for your rights. The attorneys at Kolsrud Law Offices have decades of experience successfully representing clients in DUI cases throughout Arizona. They can review the facts of your case and develop a critical defense strategy that is tailored to your unique situation. Do not hesitate to contact their team for help.

In conclusion, DUI with a minor in the car is a serious crime in Arizona, and the consequences of a conviction can be severe. If you have been charged with felony DUI with a minor in the car, it is crucial to work with a skilled criminal defense attorney who understands Arizona DUI laws and can vigorously defend your rights. With the help of Kolsrud Law Offices, you can fight the charges and protect your future.

Arizona Felony DUI with Minor in the Car- Felony, DUI

An Informative Guide on Annulment vs. Divorce in Arizona

Investigative Article: Uncovering the Truth about Annulment vs. Divorce in Arizona


Marriage is supposed to be a lifelong commitment, but sometimes things just don't work out as planned. When a couple decides to end their marital relationship, there are two legal methods to do so in Arizona: annulment and divorce. While both serve the same objective, they differ significantly in their definitions, legal implications, and the procedures involved. In this investigative article, we will explore the differences between annulment and divorce in Arizona, and uncover the facts you need to know before making a decision.

The Legal Definitions of Annulment and Divorce

The first thing to understand is the legal definitions of annulment and divorce. An annulment is a declaration by the court that a marriage is void or invalid from its inception. In other words, an annulment erases the marriage as though it never existed legally. This can happen for several reasons, such as one or both parties being under the age of 18 at the time of the marriage, a party being already married or in a domestic partnership, or the marriage being the result of fraud or duress. On the other hand, divorce recognizes that a legally valid marriage has ended. It is a court process that dissolves the marriage, and usually involves division of marital assets, determination of child custody and support, and may include spousal maintenance.

The Legal Implications of Annulment vs. Divorce

The legal implications of annulment and divorce are also quite different. When a marriage is annulled, it is as though the marriage never happened. This means that there are no community property rights, and any assets that were obtained during the marriage are kept by the individual who obtained them. There are also no spousal maintenance rights, and child support is only ordered for children born during the marriage. Additionally, an annulled marriage cannot be used as a basis for spousal benefits, such as Social Security. In contrast, when a marriage is dissolved through divorce, the court makes orders related to the division of property, spousal maintenance, and child support. Arizona is a community property state, which means that any property or debt acquired during the marriage is generally considered community property and subject to equal division. Spousal maintenance may also be ordered if one party is unable to support themselves after the divorce.

The Procedures Involved

The procedures involved in annulment and divorce are also different. An annulment generally requires that one of the parties file a petition with the court, and prove to the court that the marriage is void or invalid. This may involve providing evidence of fraud, duress, or other factors that make the marriage legally invalid. Once the court grants the annulment, the marriage is considered to have never existed legally. On the other hand, a divorce requires that one of the parties file a petition with the court, and provide notice to the other party of the divorce proceedings. The parties must then negotiate or litigate issues related to property division, spousal maintenance, and child custody and support. Once the court enters a final decree of divorce, the marriage is legally dissolved.


In conclusion, the decision to pursue an annulment or a divorce is a serious one, and should not be taken lightly. Annulment and divorce differ significantly in their definitions, legal implications, and the procedures involved. Understanding these differences is crucial for anyone considering either option to end their marital relationship. If you need legal advice or representation regarding annulment or divorce in Arizona, it is always best to consult with an experienced family law attorney.


  • Annulment vs divorce in Arizona
  • Legal implications of annulment vs divorce
  • Procedures of annulment vs divorce
  • What is an annulment in Arizona
  • What is a divorce in Arizona
  • Community property vs separate property
  • Spousal support in Arizona
Annulment vs. Divorce in Arizona-DeNovo Law Firm

Trafficking Stolen Property in AZ: ARS 13-2307

Investigative Article

Arizona's ARS 13-2307: Uncovering the Consequences of Trafficking Stolen Property

In Arizona, trafficking stolen property is considered a severe offense. Under Arizona Revised Statute (ARS) 13-2307, knowingly trafficking or receiving stolen property from another individual is a crime punishable by significant penalties. In this investigative article, we will dive deep into ARS 13-2307 and uncover the consequences that come with violating this law.

The Basis of ARS 13-2307: Knowingly Trafficking in Stolen Property

The statute ARS 13-2307 states that a person is guilty of trafficking stolen property when they:

  • Knowingly trafficking in or receiving stolen property.
  • What they are trafficking or receiving is stolen property.
  • Have reason to know or believe that the property is stolen property.

Being in possession of stolen goods and attempting to sell, trade or exchange them is not a legal offense. However, the state of Arizona takes a significant interest in stopping these activities and has implemented laws like ARS 13-2307 to deter people from engaging in them.

Penalties for Violating ARS 13-2307

Arizona has severe punishments for individuals who are caught trafficking or receiving stolen property. The minimum sentence for this crime is a class 5 felony, which is punishable by up to 2.5 years in jail. However, if the value of the stolen goods is more than $1000, the offense becomes a class 4 felony. On the other hand, if the value of the item is more than $25,000, the offense is a class 2 felony, which carries a maximum sentence of 12.5 years in jail.

Moreover, if the defendant was already convicted of violating ARS 13-2307 in the last two years, any subsequent conviction automatically becomes a class 4 felony.

Prosecuting Trafficking Stolen Property

Prosecutors often use circumstantial evidence to try and prove trafficking in stolen property. For example, if an individual has a vast quantity of stolen merchandise at their property, which they intend to sell, it can be used as proof of the offense. Furthermore, evidence of previous sales, evidence of sales made to persons without any legitimate business purpose, or prior convictions of the defendant for other theft-related offenses are also used to prove the case.

Police Actions for Dealing with Trafficking in Stolen Property

Law enforcement officers take notice of any suspicious transactions involving stolen goods. If they suspect such activity, they can search the suspected property without obtaining a warrant, if they follow specific procedure.

For instance, if a person has committed trafficking or receiving stolen property in the past two years, any subsequent arrest based on this offense allows the law enforcement to search their property without a warrant. Additionally, if the defendant is on probation or parole, they can also be subject to search and seizure, irrespective of the present offense.

Defending Against a Charge of Trafficking in Stolen Property

If a person is charged with trafficking or receiving stolen property, their first priority should be to speak with an experienced criminal defense attorney. Because the law enforcement officer gathering proof of a crime can often use circumstantial evidence, it is important to have a lawyer on your side who can build a defense that can challenge the prosecution's evidence.

In cases of trafficking in stolen property, defenses can include a lack of knowledge that the property was stolen, an alibi about the time the theft occurred, or a lawful explanation for why the defendant initially held the property.

The Importance of Stopping Trafficking in Stolen Property

Selling or buying stolen property is not only illegal but can also contribute to increasing crime rates. Trafficking stolen property is a criminal activity that poses a significant danger to society and results in the infringement of the basic rights of victims. Therefore, it is imperative to remember that such activities are crimes with severe consequences and should never be endorsed or promoted. By stopping the illegal sale of stolen goods, we can make Arizona a safer place for all.

In conclusion, ARS 13-2307 criminalizes trafficking in stolen property. Those who violate this law are subject to severe penalties. Prosecutors use strong evidence to prove this crime, and police officers have the power to search the premises of suspects within specific restrictions. Those who are accused or charged with such offenses should seek the help of an experienced attorney to defend themselves. Finally, it is vital to discourage and eliminate these criminal activities in society.

Arizona Trafficking, ARS - Chandler, AZ Criminal Defense Attorney

State DUI Laws: Toughest Vs Most Lenient - A Comparison of Arizona's Stringent Measures for First-Time Offenders with Other States' DUI Laws

Feature Article

Arizona: The Toughest State for DUI Laws

Driving under the influence is a severe offense that can put many lives at risk. Laws, regulations, and penalties were put in place to deter people from driving after consuming alcohol or drugs. While every state in America has its own set of rules and punishments regarding drunk driving, some are more stringent than others. In this article, we will analyze and compare the DUI laws of states with the toughest and most lenient policies. Let's start with the state that tops the chart for being the toughest on drivers.

Arizona's DUI laws - A zero-tolerance policy for drinking and driving

Arizona has the most rigorous DUI laws in the nation for first-time offenders. A driver is considered 'impaired' if their blood alcohol content (BAC) level is 0.08 or higher. Arizona's DUI laws are stricter than most other states as it only requires a BAC of 0.05 to charge a driver with DUI. The punishment for a DUI conviction in Arizona includes jail time ranging from ten days to six months, a fine of $1,250, and a suspended license for 90 days. However, the penalty does not end there, more severe consequences await repeat offenders.

Repeat offenders face strict and permanent sanctions

If a driver is a repeat offender, Arizona implements stringent measures that are often reserved for first-time offenders in other regions. A second offense carries a mandatory jail sentence of 30 to 90 days, a fine of $3,000, and license suspension for a year. For the third offense, the penalty is more severe, with a possible four months in jail, a $150,000 fine, and a revoked license. Moreover, individuals with two or more DUI convictions are required to install an Ignition Interlock Device (IID) in their car for two years.

IIDs for all DUI convictions, including first-time offenders

One notable aspect of Arizona's DUI penalties is the mandatory use of IID for all DUI convictions, including those involving first-time offenders. The IID prevents drivers from starting their cars if their breath tests show a BAC above the legal limit. This policy is typically seen in other states for more severe cases or as part of alternative sentencing options. However, Arizona chooses to impose IIDs on all DUI convictions, regardless of the severity of the offense.

The wisdom of strict DUI laws

The high number of lives saved by strict DUI laws cannot be denied. According to a report from Traffic Safety Marketing, alcohol-impaired driving fatalities in Arizona fell by 10.3% from 2017 to 2018. This suggests that strict DUI laws can play a significant role in reducing the occurrences of DUI, saving lives, and reducing accidents. What's more, stringent DUI laws also deter people who might otherwise drink and drive as they know the consequences of their actions.

The national trend of strict DUI penalties

The example that Arizona has set with its strict DUI laws has been emulated by other states in recent years. In 2013, Utah lowered its legal BAC limit from .08 to .05, similar to Arizona. The state of Oregon also requires all DUI offenders to use Ignition Interlock Devices. Additionally, 30 other states have enacted laws in recent years that require repeat offenders to use IIDs.


Arizona's zero-tolerance policy for DUI convictions has made it the toughest state in America when it comes to drunk driving laws. Imposing severe punishments and requiring the use of Ignition Interlock Devices for all DUI convictions, including first-time offenders, has evidently paid dividends in reducing accidents and saving lives. Other states have followed suit by enacting stricter DUI laws, which will likely be adopted by more states in the future. In conclusion, DUI laws are necessary to ensure safe roads and should continue to be enforced with strict penalties in the interest of public safety.

Arizona's tough DUI laws

Child Support and Visitation: Can You Stop Paying Child Support if You Don't See Your Kids?

Opinion Article: Can't See Your Kids? You Still Have to Pay Child Support

When a couple separates or divorces, child support payments are often enforced for the benefit of any children involved. However, what if a parent is no longer in contact with their children? In several cases, they might still be required to make these payments. This article aims to explore this issue in depth and argue why a lack of contact with one's children does not relinquish the obligation to pay child support, no matter the circumstance.

The Importance of Child Support Payments

Child support is fundamentally about securing the best possible outcome for children affected by a split. It aims to provide financial resources that allow children to have a stable upbringing despite the breakdown of the relationship between the child's parents. When financial support is not supplied, it is eventually the child who must face the consequence of lacking basic necessities. The party zoned out and unable to pay, be that the non-custodial parent or otherwise, puts their child's future in jeopardy. Child support has an essential place in securing a child's safety, and it's not only in the immediate present - child support payments are often necessary throughout the child's development for them to thrive.

The Law and Your Obligation to Pay

The law agrees that even if you no longer see your children, you still have a statutory duty to fund them. Child support laws aim to guarantee that the cost of a child's home and everyday upkeep is split between parents. These costs may include housing, food, clothing, childcare, and medical expenses. Even if a non-custodial parent does not obtain physical custody of their son or daughter, they are still obligated to do their part financially. The parent who does have full or joint custody spends less on household upkeep, so the non-custodial parent is responsible for assisting in supporting their children.

Consequences of Stopping Payment

If a non-custodial parent fails to make their required payments for child support, the other party may proceed with legal action. The legal repercussions of failing to make payments will depend on the state's laws. However, it is common for the responsible party to encounter wage garnishment, license revocation, liens or levies placed on assets, and credit problems. This will damage the non-custodial parent's credit score, impairing their chances of qualifying for future loans or mortgages.

The Importance of Legal Advice

If you find yourself in a situation where your contact with your children has been long severed, but you are still obliged to pay child support, it is essential to seek legal advice. With an ever-changing legal code, expert advice can help you stay up to date, make the right decisions, and give you confidence that you are fulfilling your obligations correctly. While many people think child support matters are simple, family law issues can be complicated. A lawyer can provide the necessary guidance in navigating different complex situations.

Why You Need to Keep Paying

Even if you don't see your kids regularly, child support provides much-needed assistance in the well-being of your children. It's critical to help your children secure a stable future with adequate food, clothing, shelter, and medical needs. Being unable to see your children does not relinquish a parent of their duty to provide for them as their income permits. A parent's responsibility is not just to fund their child's needs but to ensure that their child feels valued and unconditionally loved. Refusing to pay child support takes away a child's sense of worth and security.

Deciding to Solve Disputes Amicably

The majority of separated parents can come to an amicable agreement, dividing their duties without any significant emotional or financial expense. Even if initially antagonistic, it's vital to recognize that as the years move on, new challenges arise, and you might need to shift matters to adapt to the changing situation. Parties can benefit from ongoing negotiations without the need to return to court periodically, which can be a costly and time-consuming process.


It can be a complicated situation when a parent is no longer in regular contact with their children, but it's vital to remember that a lack of contact does not excuse the financial obligation of supporting your children. Seeking expert legal advice is necessary to avoid any legal repercussions. While child support payments may strain the resources of non-custodial parents, the outcomes of providing child support in the long term outweigh its financial costs. Parents must remain dedicated to their children's well–being, regardless of whether the bond between them remains intact.

Thus, if you're a non-custodial parent struggling with the idea of paying child support in a situations where you can't see your kids, remember that the law requires you to. Consult with a legal expert to ensure your child's future is secure. Learn more about child support and your legal obligations by accessing child support, legal.


Arizona Implements Harsher Sentences for Fentanyl Dealers with the Ashley Dunn Act

Investigative Article: The Fentanyl Crisis in Arizona

In recent years, the United States has experienced a deadly opioid epidemic. Among the most potent of these drugs is fentanyl, which is contributing to a spike in overdose deaths across the country. Arizona, in particular, has seen a dramatic increase in fentanyl-related deaths, leading to a recent legislative action to increase prison sentences for those dealing the drug. In this investigative article, we will explore the causes and consequences of the fentanyl crisis in Arizona, as well as the implications of the Ashley Dunn Act.

The Rise of Fentanyl Use in Arizona and Beyond

Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid that is often used as a prescription painkiller. It can be up to 100 times more potent than morphine and is often mixed with other drugs like heroin to increase their potency. Unfortunately, this also makes the drug particularly lethal for those who use it recreationally. In recent years, fentanyl has contributed to a spike in overdose deaths across the country, with Arizona being particularly hard hit. According to the Arizona Department of Health Services, fentanyl was responsible for 579 overdose deaths in the state in 2020.

The Ashley Dunn Act and Increased Sentences for Fentanyl Dealers

The Ashley Dunn Act is a new law in Arizona that increases the minimum prison sentence for those convicted of dealing fentanyl. The law is named after a young woman who died of a fentanyl overdose in 2018. Under the new law, anyone caught selling even a small quantity of fentanyl will receive a mandatory four-year prison sentence. The law is intended to deter drug dealers from trafficking fentanyl, ultimately saving lives.

Comparison of Sentencing Guidelines Across States

The Ashley Dunn Act is a significant step towards addressing the fentanyl crisis in Arizona, but how do the state’s guidelines compare to those in other states? According to a report from the National Conference of State Legislatures, 34 states have mandatory minimums for drug offenses, but they vary widely in their severity. Some states, like Arizona, have opted to make fentanyl trafficking a top priority, while others have chosen to focus on other drugs.

Defenses for Those Accused of Dealing Fentanyl

While the Ashley Dunn Act is designed to target drug traffickers, there are some instances where individuals may be wrongly accused of fentanyl trafficking. In these cases, it is important to have a strong defense. Some potential defenses for those accused of fentanyl dealing include lack of awareness that the substance was fentanyl, entrapment by law enforcement, coercion or duress, and lack of intent to sell the drug.

Federal Defense Attorney Josh Kolsrud is Here to Help

If you or someone you know is facing accusations of fentanyl trafficking, it is essential to have an experienced attorney on your side. Federal defense attorney Josh Kolsrud has extensive experience defending drug trafficking cases and can help you build a strong defense. With his help, you can fight the charges against you and protect your future.

The Consequences of the Fentanyl Crisis in Arizona

The fentanyl crisis in Arizona has had severe consequences for the state and its people. Beyond the loss of life, the crisis has strained emergency response resources, increased medical costs, and put a significant burden on families and loved ones of those affected by the epidemic. The Ashley Dunn Act and increased sentencing guidelines for fentanyl dealers are critical steps towards addressing the crisis, but more can be done to prevent the spread of this deadly drug.

The Road Ahead: Solving the Fentanyl Crisis

While the Ashley Dunn Act and other measures like it are important steps towards addressing the fentanyl crisis in Arizona, more needs to be done to combat the spread of this deadly drug. This includes enacting measures to prevent diversion of prescription fentanyl, expanding access to effective treatments for addiction, and investing in public health campaigns to raise awareness about the risks of fentanyl use. By working together, we can put an end to the fentanyl crisis and save lives.

Fentanyl-Prison, Arizona